Tahoe Wellness Cooperative
Cody Bass is a national cannabis leader living a life committed to loving and learning about cannabis. Over the past two decades Cody has inspired many people throughout his journey to further the freedom of the cannabis plant. Cody has been appointed to serve on city commissions for drafting regulations which were passed and proven effective. Growing up in a prominent cannabis family his belief is from experiencing first hand the failed policy around cannabis, creating a lifelong commitment to reform cannabis as a crime and create a new cannabis policy.
Cody was born into cannabis, but ventured into cultivating cannabis at the age of eighteen in the hills of Mendocino. He purchased his first parcel of land at twenty five to cultivate cannabis. This property is now licensed with Mendocino County for the legal cultivation for Tahoe Wellness Cooperative. Cody founded Tahoe Wellness Cooperative in January of 2009 and continues to serve as the Executive Director. Tahoe Wellness Cooperative is a model dispensary in the cannabis industry with high standards of testing and sustainability throughout the operations of the cooperative. Cody believes that humanity has a right to all of plant life, saying “for what heals us as humans should never be limited or withheld.”
Cody’s optimism, passion, and overall knowledge of cannabis is the driving force of his everyday life and character. A passion from his youth, his unique perspective has made him a known and respected cannabis advocate and expert.
Seven years ago, MJ Freeway’s Chief Operating Officer Jessica Billingsley co-founded MJ Freeway with a desire to see burgeoning marijuana businesses expand and thrive with smart business solutions in place. To fill a need for cannabis seed-to-sale software solutions, Billingsley and her co-founder launched MJ Freeway in 2010, the first company to bring seed-to-sale software to the market. Since then, featured twice in the INC 5000 fastest-growing companies list, woman-owned MJ Freeway has grown to serve thousands of clients in 5 countries, and processed more than $5,000,000,000 in sales via retail, manufacturing and cultivation management software platforms, as well as consulting services and cannabis licensee application support. In addition, Billingsley has been named to Fortune Magazine’s list of Top 10 Most Promising Women Entrepreneurs.
AC Braddock is the CEO of an internationally known and respected extraction technology company that has specialized in supercritical co2 and ethanol systems for 22 years. While Eden Labs serves many industries, in 2009 Ms Braddock envisioned that the purity of Supercritical CO2 derived products would be a necessity for the legalization of medical applications for cannabis. This vision and years of educational outreach about the methodologies of extraction, industry standards and infrastructure planning helped lay the foundation for an industry based on social justice and health and well being around whole plant product development for the Endocannabinoid system and the Entourage Effect.
Ms Braddock is a career entrepreneur who has a keen eye for new trends, product placement, business strategy and creating a strong corporate culture and infrastructure for effective growth. In 2010, Ms. Braddock became CEO of Eden and guided the company through 100% year over year growth for 5 years, placing hundreds of systems in businesses and universities around the world.
Eden Labs has been listed as one of the top 10 fastest growing women led companies in Seattle, Washington. Her tireless dedication to her company and those it serves has garnered her a reputation as a thought leader in modern business practice, a unifier across industries, and an inspirational speaker in this emerging industry.
She is Chair of the National Cannabis Industry Association and VP of Washington state’s largest trade org. The Cannabis Alliance, BOD’s. Ms Braddock is also a founding supporter of three Cannabis Women’s groups, WOW (Women of Weed), The Cannabis Women’s Alliance, Women Grow and is featured in the documentary Women of Weed.
Alex Cooley is the co-founder of the first brand in the first legal recreational state, Solstice. A cannabis production processing company based in Seattle has led to many firsts and many opportunities to shape the industry locally and globally. Through his diligent efforts Solstice created the first ever fully permitted cannabis production facility in Washington State. From inception, Solstice’s goal has been to cultivate the highest quality, most beneficial varieties, including the award winning, CBD-rich Sour Tsunami #3.
Acting locally he has helped to shape multiple City of Seattle ordinances and author the ”collective garden model” of safe, legal access for medical cannabis patients. Standing on these successes Alex and Solstice have been very active at the state level and were key resources to the WA Liquor and Cannabis Board to develop the rules for the implementation of I-502, Washington’s cannabis legalization. In addition to working with multiple state agencies Alex has worked with the Washington State Legislature to craft better laws for patients and adult use consumers.
In recent years Alex has been crisscrossing our country speaking at industry events helping to guide the industry in a positive direction and last year lobbying the US Congress to reform federal policy. Only very recently Alex has worked to shape international policy at the UN General Assembly Special Session on Global Drug Policy.
Throughout all of this action Alex has never lost touch with his passion for the plant and recently celebrated 10 years of cultivating the plant. He also maintains his day job at Solstice, acting as the Vice President helping to manage the day-to-day operations, craft the long-term vision and maintain the same mission that the company was founded on 5 years ago.
The Arcview Group
Troy Dayton cofounded The Arcview Group in 2010 with Harborside Health Center’s Steve DeAngelo. Arcview is responsible for a number of business innovations in the industry, including TheArcview Investor Network (responsible for more than $10 million in angel investments),Arcview Market Research (produces the State of Legal Marijuana Markets report), and Cannasure Insurance. Formerly he was the Marijuana Policy Project’s top fundraiser and now serves on the board (with 75% of the votes in a 3-way race for the seat). Troy co-founded Students for Sensible Drug Policy (now on over 200 campuses), helped start Renewable Choice Energy (named #1 green power provider by EPA) and worked on the Flex Your Rights film BUSTED (seen by millions). His work gathering legalization support from religious leaders in 2006 made national headlines. Troy is regularly featured in the national media as an expert on the cannabis industry. Troy is a founding board member of National Cannabis Industry Association. He is a graduate and former leadership team member at the Interchange Counseling Institute and blogs about Burning Man at Burner Love.
Harborside Health Center
Steve DeAngelo has almost four decades of activism and advocacy in the cannabis reform movement. In 1998 Steve played a key leadership role in the passage of Washington D.C.’s medical cannabis initiative, Initiative 59. In October 2006, Steve launched Harborside Health Center (HHC) to bring a new model of professionalism and integrity to the industry. Harborside quickly gained recognition for its free holistic care clinic, laboratory tested medicine, low-income care package program, and wide array of other patient services. In 2007 Steve was involved the creation and development of Steep Hill Labs, California’s premier medical cannabis analysis laboratory, and Steve is the founder of the Arcview Group investor network.
Berkeley Patients Group
Etienne is Vice President and Co-Owner of Berkeley Patients Group (BPG). BPG is the nation’s oldest, and most respected medical cannabis dispensary in the country, established in 1999. For more than 17 years, Etienne has helped position BPG as a model medical cannabis dispensary, with a vision to lead the emerging industry as it expands, evolves and becomes more professional. He has founded medical and recreational cannabis retail, cultivation, and processing facilities in Berkeley, Emeryville, Incline Village, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, and West Hollywood.
As a business owner, Mr. Fontan is focused on making operations predictable, while continually working to improve the quality and affordability of medicine for patient members. Mr. Fontan has an extensive background as an engaged activist and public speaker dating back to 1993, seeking to make cannabis legal and safe. Starting in 1993, he was a director of the Cannabis Action Network and traveled through 47 U.S. states speaking at rallies, teach-ins, and tours, and reaching out to the general public on all cannabis-related issues. Mr. Fontan lobbied local, state, and Federal governments across the country for cannabis and industrial hemp rights. He is a combat veteran of the first Gulf War and now lobbies on veteran’s behalf for the use of cannabis to treat PTSD and post-war injuries.
In 2011, Mr. Fontan was invited by top medical cannabis researchers in the Netherlands to undergo training and tour the Medical Cannabis program as run by the Dutch Government. While there, Mr. Fontan learned how to perform laboratory tests on medical cannabis and studied supply logistics of the Dutch regulatory system. Mr. Fontan is a founding board member continuously serving on National Cannabis Industry Association (NCIA) Board of Directors, including as Board Chair during 2012-2013.
Buds & Roses
At Buds & Roses, Aaron’s goal is, quite simply, to create the ultimate cannabis shopping experience for new and experienced cannabis users. This means consistently cultivating, sourcing and retailing only the safest and highest quality cannabis products available on the market. Further, Buds & Roses takes great care to employ highly-trained, certified, and knowledgeable staff to individually understand and meet the needs of its valued customers. Since 2010 Aaron and the Buds & Roses team have been recognized for their efforts with consistent customer and revenue growth, as well as being the proud recipients of 26 High Times Medical Cannabis Cup awards.
Aaron takes immense pride in the personal relationships that he has forged over the years with his team, customers, suppliers, members of his local community, and those advancing the safe and responsible use of cannabis nationally and internationally. As an impassioned trailblazer in the industry, Aaron has made a personal commitment to be an instrumental and educational voice at the local, state, federal and global levels for cannabis users, advocates, and industry players everywhere. As part of this commitment, Aaron holds leadership roles as an active board member of the National Cannabis Industry Association, the California Cannabis Industry Association, and the Greater Los Angeles Collective Alliance.
Greenbridge Corporate Counsel
Khurshid Khoja is the founder and Principal of Greenbridge Corporate Counsel, a business law firm which advises start-ups, established businesses and other social enterprises within the legal cannabis industry and ancillary industries. Greenbridge represents clientele from across sectors in the legal cannabis industry: non-profit advocacy organizations, medical marijuana collectives, consulting firms, publishing companies, consumer electronics manufacturers, infused products producers, agricultural equipment manufacturers, software companies, trade associations and others.
Khurshid currently serves on the founding Boards of the California Cannabis Industry Association (CCIA) and the Illinois Cannabis Industry Association, as General Counsel to the CCIA, and as a member of the Advisory Council of Students for Sensible Drug Policy and the Advisory Board of the Council on Responsible Cannabis Regulation. While serving as The Arcview Group’s counsel, Khurshid helped Arcview CEO Troy Dayton launch the Arcview Investor Network, the legal cannabis industry’s first private investment network — providing advice on securities laws compliance, drafting membership and other critical path agreements.
Among other honors, Khurshid has been named to the annual Northern California Super Lawyers Rising Stars list on multiple ocassions. He has been profiled in multiple editions of the The State of the Legal Marijuana Markets report, and his early days as the General Counsel of MendoGrown (later the Emerald Growers Association) are chronicled in Doug Fine’s book Too High To Fail. He has been a featured presenter at numerous ArcView Investor Network conferences, the American Bar Association’s Business Law Section Conference, the National Marijuana Business Conference, the California NORML Conference, the Students for Sensible Drug Policy National and Regional Conferences and at numerous National Cannabis Industry Association conferences, symposia and speaker events, among other conferences.
Khurshid earned his J.D. at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law, where he served as President of the Class of 2001.
Kris Krane serves as the Founder and Managing Partner at 4Front Ventures, a medical cannabis dispensary consulting firm that is dedicated to ensuring the highest standards of operations and compliance in the industry. 4Front Advisors has experienced unparalleled success in helping clients navigate the complex regulatory process necessary to obtain medical cannabis business permits in state-regulated markets. Under Mr. Krane’s leadership, the company has invested heavily in intellectual property and talent in order to develop and maintain best-in-class operating standards for retail dispensaries, largely based on best practices from the retail, hospitality, pharmacy, and medical cannabis industries.
Prior to forming 4Front, Kris served as Director of Client Services for CannBe, where he helped develop many of the best practices that have become the backbone of 4Front Advisors’ operations. Kris was trained in the medical cannabis industry at Harborside Health Center in Oakland, CA, the largest medical cannabis dispensary in the country.
Kris has dedicated his career to reforming the nation’s failed drug policies, having served as associate director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws from 2000-2005 and executive director of Students for Sensible Drug Policy from 2006-2009.
During his tenure at SSDP the organization experienced rapid growth, increasing from chapters on 40 college campuses in 2006 to over 200 in 2009. During this time SSDP led a successful campaign to scale back the law that automatically denies federal financial aid to students with drug convictions, removing the penalty’s retroactivity and restoring aid to tens of thousands of students.
Kris currently serves on the advisory board of Students for Sensible Drug Policy and the board of directors of Common Sense for Drug Policy. He served as Associate Editor of the Arcview Market Research reports in 2011 and 2013, which analyzed the value of the legal cannabis market.
Jaime Lewis is the founder and executive chef at Mountain Medicine, a leading producer of medical and recreational cannabis edibles in Colorado. With a decade of experience in marijuana-infused product manufacturing and dispensary operations, Lewis is a leading voice for corporate responsibility and compliance in the cannabis industry. She is a founder and former chair of the Cannabis Business Alliance chamber of commerce and is the National Cannabis Industry Association’s current board chair. A formally trained chef, Lewis began her cannabis career making medical marijuana-infused edibles for HIV/AIDS patients in California. She formerly served as chief operating officer overseeing the expansion of one of Colorado’s most respected dispensary operations and managed all cultivation, dispensary, and infused product activities and led the licensing process and physical build out of the company’s second location.
Mcallister Garfield, P.c.
21 years working on marijuana law reform, including founding Sensible Colorado in 2004 and serving as chair of its Board of Directors through adult use legalization in 2012.
McAllister Garfield has 15 lawyers, licensed in 5 states: Colorado, California, Oregon, Illinois and Florida.
Sean represents some of the largest infused products manufacturers in Colorado, which have been expanding to multiple states through licensing agreements and independent operations.
Sean’s firm has a Tribal Law Group that represents Native American tribes in multiple states seeking to do cannabis/hemp projects
Sean has litigated several groundbreaking cannabis cases, including defending the nation’s first cannabis products liability case, suing state regulators over enforcement actions, litigating pesticide standards, negotiating settlements for some of the most serious rules violations, litigating local bans on cannabis dispensaries; and assisting in authoring state and local ballot initiatives.
Sean handled the only federal prosecution of a licensed dispensary owner in Colorado, who was charged wrongly with federal money laundering and achieved a favorable outcome.
Sean is focused on being a top corporate counsel to dispensaries. His work involves all aspects of corporate formation, dissolution, governance, M&A, IP, promissory notes, civil litigation and land use matters.
Sean is a regular speaker at the nation’s largest cannabis conferences and is regularly quoted in the national press.
Sean has won several awards recognizing his advocacy for cannabis reform, including: Friend of Reform Award, Sensible Colorado, 2013 and 2015 MVP Award at the Cannabis Business Awards, and 2016 and 2017 named a Top Marijuana Lawyer by Denver’s 5280 Magazine.
Sean’s Firm is a sustaining member of NCIA. He also supports CCIA, NORML, DPA, MPP, Colorado Cannabis Chamber of Commerce, and National Cannabis Bar Association.
The Om of MedicineMark co-founded the Om of Medicine as a place to change hearts and minds about cannabis and focus on the latest research illustrating the medical efficacy of the plant. Om of Medicine has the distinction of being the only dispensary in the country that has collaborated with a major university (University of Michigan) on an IRB-approved cannabis research study that was published in the Journal of Pain. The study showed a 64% decrease in opioid use and a 45% increase in quality of life amongst participants.Mark Passerini is a graduate of the University of Michigan and co-founder of the Ann Arbor Medical Cannabis Guild. He currently serves as the government liaison for the Michigan chapter of Americans for Safe Access (ASA), board member of the Green Wolverine, and member of the Ann Arbor Wellness Coalition. Mark is also an early member of the ArcView group, a private cannabis investment and market research firm. He was instrumental in crafting local licensing and zoning ordinances with the City of Ann Arbor. He has presented on the topic of responsible dispensary operations in a variety of venues including NCIA’s first Midwest Cannabusiness Symposium. Since 2013, Mark has had the honor of organizing and emceeing Hash Bash, the nation’s longest running cannabis reform rally. This event has grown to over 10,000 attendees and boasts a robust line up of professional athletes, medical doctors, local & national politicians, advocates, entertainers, and patients all calling for sensible cannabis policy. Prior to working in the cannabis movement, Mark spent 20 years in sales and executive management including renewable and energy efficient technologies.His interest in the cannabis sector stems from his passion for the promise of a natural, holistic alternative. In his spare time, Mark volunteers at Open Heart Magic, a non-profit organization dedicated to using the therapeutic power of magic and laughter to energize and strengthen critically ill children at U of M’s Mott Children’s Hospital.
Erich Pearson is a recognized leader in the cannabis industry – a long-time advocate, legislative consultant, dispensary operator, cultivation expert, and NCIA board member.
A proponent of medical cannabis regulation, cultivation, and best practices since 2000, Erich served on the San Francisco District Attorney’s Medical Marijuana Advisory Group and consults on state and local medical cannabis policy and legislation.
Erich was instrumental in the passage of both San Francisco’s Medical Cannabis Dispensary Act and the law enforcement “lowest priority” resolution of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. As a result of Erich’s work he was appointed in 2007 by Supervisor David Campos to sit on San Francisco’s Medical Cannabis Working Group.
In 2010 Erich launched SPARC, a nonprofit medical cannabis dispensary providing safe, consistent and affordable medical cannabis to patients in San Francisco. SPARC provides high quality, lab-tested cannabis to qualified patients, and collaborates with local hospices, residential care facilities, and dispensaries to successfully supply medical marijuana at no cost to seriously ill patients.
SPARC’s award-winning design by Larissa Sand of renowned Sand Studios has been featured in the New York Times, Wired Magazine, and was cited by FastCompany as, “The Apple Store of Marijuana Shops”.
A sleek décor doesn’t mean higher prices. SPARC drives greater access through lower prices, touting a high quality $28 eighth, every day.
How does SPARC do it? By growing cannabis more efficiently. Erich’s expertise is constructing and managing large indoor cultivation facilities. With a robust Research & Development team, Erich is meticulously focused on developing the optimal environmental recipe for high-yield cultivations using unique systems of lighting, ventilation and design.
SPARC is a Founding & Supporting Member of NCIA.
Erich holds a BS in Construction and Project Management from Purdue University.
Ean Seeb is a legal cannabis industry pioneer, entrepreneur, advocate, and thought-leader, most recognized for his recent sale of and exit from Denver’s oldest dispensary, Denver Relief to long-time cannabis enthusiast Willie Nelson, and for the boutique full-service cannabis consulting firm he co-founded, Denver Relief Consulting. He proudly serves on the board of Boston-based Manna Molecular Science as a general director.
Ean brings broad industry alliances, knowledge of ancillary products, and operational acumen to Manna Molecular’s innovative infused products brand and delivery forms. He appreciates the positive impacts of 3D-printing technology on the cannabis space — foremost accuracy and reproducibility in dosing — and supports Manna’s efforts to improve the delivery of cannabis by uniting sophisticated science and agile manufacturing.
Ean has significant experience navigating complex legislation and regulatory demands: He served as the National Cannabis Industry Association’s (NCIA) Chair (’13-’15) and Vice Chair (’12–’13). He holds leadership positions in charitable organizations focused on a range of impactful social causes including civil rights, history and arts and culture. The Denver Relief GREEN TEAM, which now boasts over 35 cannabis industry and community sponsors, is a direct product of his civil and entrepreneurial leadership in the cannabis community. Ean has translated these values to Manna Molecular Science since its founding, and continues to do so as its representative at NCIA. In addition to his work at Manna Molecular Science, Ean works with dozens of cannabis or cannabis related companies and is partners in Quark Distribution, Vapor Slide, Whaxy, Silver Sage Wellness, Cresco Labs, sits on the Board of Directors of MassRoots, and more.
National Cannabis Industry Association
Aaron Smith is co-founder and executive director of the National Cannabis Industry Association. Prior to launching NCIA, Aaron distinguished himself as a public advocate for marijuana policy reform — first under the auspices of a California-based medical cannabis advocacy group, Safe Access Now, and more recently as the California state policy director for the Washington, D.C.-based Marijuana Policy Project. Aaron has successfully built coalitions with elected officials on both sides of the aisle in order to advance marijuana law reform legislation in the state capitol and among the voting public. Aaron’s opinion pieces have appeared in major newspapers, including the San Francisco Chronicle, Los Angeles Times, and The New York Times, and he has been a frequent commentator on national television news networks. Aaron is currently based in Phoenix, Arizona and Denver, Colorado.
Michael Steinmetz is the CEO and founder of Flow Kana, a business and community leader who believes in building mission-driven companies that embrace California values and the small farmer ecosystem. Michael’s unique, hands-on approach has been instrumental in developing Flow Kana’s value creation model, as well as the tools and infrastructure needed for farmers and partners to compete successfully in a regulated, legal marketplace.
Prior to founding and leading Flow Kana, Michael built and sold a Venezuelan national brand management company Distribuidora DanMic that manufactured and distributed food products which grew in popularity as innovative, unique, value-added products quickly becoming the leaders in their categories.
Michael blends deep business strategy and community outreach skills that leverage his diverse background and experience, including prior roles as an investment banker at Merrill Lynch and as an engineer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
He is originally from Caracas, Venezuela, and pursued a double major in Mechanical Engineering and Economics with a minor in Business at Carnegie Mellon University.
Papa & Barkley
Manndie Tingler is a recognized marketing and sales leader with 12+ years of Business Development experience. She currently serves as Director of Business Development at Papa & Barkley, a company founded as an alternative to conventional pain management, with a mission to unlock the power of cannabis to improve people’s lives. During her time with Papa & Barkley, Manndie spearheaded the company’s Northern California sales expansion, facilitated one of the largest cannabis Brand Ambassador programs in California, and is currently growing the newest branch of Papa & Barkley, through the development of their Business-to-Business Wholesale program.
A natural networker and connecter, Manndie serves as President of the Kriya Society, a groundbreaking group of female cannabis executives in Sacramento who advocate for the needs of the Sacramento cannabis industry, and is Vice Chair of The Eden Gathering, a group of cannabis leaders, educators, healers, and CEOs dedicated to promoting cannabis education and helping the community of Sacramento. Manndie is also an active member of California Growers Association, Golden State Distribution, California Cannabis Industry Association, and NCIA.
Manndie is a proud mother of two, and enjoys her role as President of the Board for CannaMommy.org, which advocates for plants over pills in pain and illness management for mothers, at different stages of motherhood. She also enjoys coaching youth softball and cheerleading in her community.
Manndie is a human rights advocate and cannabis lobbyist, meeting with California lawmakers to shape the future of cannabis in Sacramento and statewide. She is passionate about the medicinal powers of cannabis, and advocates for laws that make sense for all cannabis businesses on local, state, and national platforms. Manndie also provides cannabis education to Adults and Seniors across Northern California through Cannabis THC/CBD 101 seminars that she teaches.
Over her career in cannabis, Manndie has represented products with an excellent track record, and has achieved 15 industry award wins, including Best Edibles, Best Topicals, Best Tinctures, and Best Concentrates from industry competitions like Emerald Cup, High Times, and Chalice Cup.
Manndie is the founder and CEO of Silver Leaf Events, an event planning company in Sacramento, specializing in cannabis-friendly experiences and events. She is also one of partners of Fenix Logistics, and currently provides consulting services for the executive team and staff, helping the company master their marketing practices.
Manndie holds a Masters of Science in Marriage, Family, and Child Counseling from CSU Sacramento, and a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology with a Minor in Non-Profit Business from CSU Fresno. Prior to her career in cannabis, she founded and ran a non-profit counseling agency in Roseville, CA, providing low-cost and free mental health counseling services to children and families.
Manndie has found the transition into the cannabis industry to be the beautiful culmination of her educational background, professional experience, civil rights activism, and personal passion. She’s certainly found her stride sharing her love for the ‘Power of the Plant’.
Taylor West is senior communications director for COHNNABIS, a full-service brand, marketing, digital, and public relations agency dedicated to the unique needs of the cannabis industry. Prior to joining COHNNABIS in August 2017, Taylor spent three and a half years as deputy director of NCIA, where she oversaw the organization’s marketing, communications, and media relations, often serving as a spokesperson for the organization and for the industry as a whole. Before joining the cannabis industry, Taylor spent four years working in Washington, D.C., first as a strategist for a variety of policy and regulatory reform efforts, and then as communications director for National Journal, a highly respected national media organization. She is also a veteran of several high-profile political campaigns and has appeared as a commentator on MSNBC, Fox News, CNBC, PBS, and NPR. Taylor first became involved in drug policy reform 20 years ago with an internship at DRCNet, now known as StoptheDrugWar.org.
Henry Wykowski is a San Francisco-based trial attorney representing numerous cannabis dispensaries throughout California in tax matters. He was the tax attorney in the landmark case Californians Helping to Alleviate Medical Problems (CHAMP) v. Commissioner. In CHAMP, the IRS sought to disallow the dispensary’s cost of goods sold and expenses, and impose a tax on gross sales, thereby establishing a precedent that would tax dispensaries out of business. The CHAMP decision recognized the right of dispensaries to offset sales with cost of goods sold, a significant victory for medicinal cannabis dispensaries. Henry has spoken on tax issues at numerous events including several NORML national conferences and NCIA events.